In this tutorial we will look at the steps you need to take when describing the bar chart for Academic IELTS.

First group / identify and choose the information you will include.

Second PLAN where you will mention those information points chosen before.

Know what to write.

Sounds silly but you will see why it’s important.

How do we choose the information?

Assuming an average sentence is between 10 and 15 words, and the Task requires 150 words, we can estimate we need to write 10 ­12 sentences, lets say 11 sentences.

Now, 2 sentences are already taken care of ­ the introduction and summary.

That leaves roughly 8 sentences.

So, I would choose information to fit in to the 8 sentences, but paying very close attention to the types of sentences. For example I will most likely include the following: ­

–   A sentence with the superlative
–   ­ A sentence with a comparison
–   ­ A sentence grouping two data points ­-because they are similar. ­
–   A sentence noting an exception. ­
–   A sentence describing some data in advanced manner ­
–   A sentence describing the data in a normal fashion.

TIP: If you are not confident using these structures you should learn the theory online, the bbc has good resources for this, and then you should get your work corrected, get your work checked, get feedback and improve. So we have 6 sentences we should squeeze into the report. By being aware we are going to use these sentences – ­we can squeeze the graph data into our sentences – ­rather than vice versa ­ – which is the normal way.

Lets look at an example now, to see the sentences and data selection in action.

This is a slightly simplified graph just to demonstrate.

Now, I probably won’t organise my report in the same order as the sentences. In this chart I have the 0­24 group first and it would be logical to start with this group BUT what can happen then is we could fall into the trap of listing ALL the data points.

So lets make a compromise and start with the 0­24 group DAIRY and MEAT.

calourie-sour-academic-task-1-ielts

 

The bar chart shows the caloric intake of UK males in three distinct age groups, 0­24, 25­49, and over 50

Dairy for the 0­24 age group was the highest source of calories, the other categories each represented about 20% each. In the next age group dairy fell to around a quarter, and meat became the main source of calories, reaching half of the total intake, pulses and vegetables reached 10% and 15% respectively. Pulses in the final age group increased six fold to over 60% whereas calories obtained from vegetables was 10%, half that of meat (20%), and slightly less than dairy (15%). The 50+ group shows the most marked preference out of all the groups and also confirms the gradual decline in vegetable consumption as males become older.

Overall it is clear that each age group has a clear favourite which varies depending on age, however vegetables are consistently amongst the least popular regardless of age.

156

– A sentence with the superlative
­ – A sentence with a comparison ­
­ – A sentence grouping two data points ­-because they are similar. ­
­ – A sentence noting an exception / pattern. ­
­ – A sentence describing some data in advanced manner
­ – A sentence describing the data in a normal fashion. ­
­ – The famous and useful sentence ‘RESPECTIVELY’.

So can you see how I don’t go into list ‘mode’, I try to find groups that will allow me to use the sentences I want to include. Sentences that when used correctly will get me points!!!!! And what do points mean? PRIZES BABY!!!! hahaha!!!

Also when I was writing this I went back replaced GOT with became to make it sound more academic.

Another tip, when you have finished ­you need to go through and check for mistakes.

I also tried to follow the standard model of SUBJECT VERB OBJECT ­ which improve clarity, and simplifies the sentence.

The main skill you need to perfect in this task is DATA SELECTION ­ identifying the date you will include, and then organising the data appropriately.

To get good at this skill, PRACTICE and get feedback, in the Sentence Guide course at my site you get lots of essay checks included in the price, that means plenty of opportunities to improve, get feedback and implement the new things you are learning.

 

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