Coronavirus related vocabulary

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Nowadays you can’t open your phone without reading something about COVID-19, but how well do you understand and know how to use all the vocabulary associated with the pandemic? And why is it called a pandemic and not an outbreak?

In this podcast, Ellen covers over 20 words that are commonly used when talking about COVID-19. Knowing these words will help you:

  • Understand what you are reading/ listening to in the news
  • Help you formulate answers in speaking and possibly writing
  • And give you the confidence you need to communicate on these topics

She discusses the difference between coronavirus and COVID-19 and often misunderstood words like: quarantine, shelter-in-place and lockdown.  Is “social distance,” a noun, a verb or an adjective???  What does it mean when a potential vaccine is in phase 3?  Many frequently used terms are described in this podcast so stay tuned and find out all you need to know!

Vocabulary resource:

  • Coronavirus
  • Covid 19
  • SARS
  • Outbreak
  • Epidemic
  • Pandemic
  • Droplets
  • Masks
  • Social distancing
  • Quarantine
  • Lock down
  • Shelter in place
  • Asymptomatic
  • Community spread
  • Contact tracing
  • Flatten the curve
  • ICU
  • Ventilators
  • Vulnerable
  • Immune- compromised
  • High risk
  • Vaccine
  • Pre-clinical stage
  • Phase 1
  • Phase 2
  • Phase 3


For more useful phrases and vocabulary to use in the IELTS exam, visit these resources :

Audio tutorial

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